Ask We already know the sounds that letters n and g each make. But when they are together as one unit, they make a different sound. We call this kind of spelling a digraph when two letters represent one sound.
Say Now let’s learn the sound the digraph NG makes!
If possible, Use a mirror with your readers.
Say Place your finger on the side of your nose and repeat the sound /ŋ/ as in the words sing, song, and bang.
Ask What do you see?
Say I see my mouth is open and teeth are apart. My jaw is dropped and the tip of my tongue is touching behind the bottom front teeth.
Ask Do you feel the vibration?
Say I feel the vibration. The sound comes out of my nose.
Ask Do you stretch the sound /ŋ/? Or do you bounce it?
Say I think you stretch the sound /ŋ/. I can make the sound for a long time. Try with me. /ŋ/.
Ask Let’s decide if /ŋ/ is quiet or noisy. Cover your ears and make the sound. What do you hear?
Ask Make the sound and feel your voice box in your neck. What do you feel?
Say I feel a vibration, so it is noisy.
Use a multisensory hand motion: Put your thumb near your mouth and Point to the back of your throat.
Say The sound /ŋ/ is a continuous sound. Have your thumb pointing to the back of your throat and say the sound. Stretch the sound /ŋ/ for as long as you can.
Have readers repeat the sound (/ŋ/) and the hand motion.
Say Let’s review the sound.
Ask What is the name of this digraph?
(digraph NG) What sound does this digraph make?
(/ŋ/) What is the hand motion of the sound?
(I have my thump point to the back of my throat.)